The world is full of unpredictable dangers, and children are especially vulnerable. You may think it’s impossible to protect your child from every possible threat or should a crisis arise, but there are subtle ways you can arm them with the knowledge and skills they need to survive.
Here cover what kids should know about survival to increase their chances of surviving an emergency.
1. Practice awareness of their surroundings
Start by pointing out landmarks when you’re together and create meeting places for your family if something unexpected happens.
These landmarks are good points for you and your child on the way to school, at the park, at the mall, or on a hike in the wilderness and in everyday life like going shopping or visiting a fair.
The more they practice being aware of their surroundings, the better they will be at gauging when something is wrong and taking action.
2. Staying warm without a fire
Learn to stay warm without fire by wearing layers of insulating clothing such as sweaters, thick socks, and mittens.
Tucking their pants into their boots to prevent frostbite.
They should try not to overheat in their clothing but avoid wearing so little that they risk hypothermia.
3. Learn how to find safe water and purify water
Teach them to find freshwater from sources such as rivers, streams, ponds, or lakes.
Explain how to purify the water by boiling it or filter it with a portable water filtering device.
Teach them how to use a portable water filter or purify devices
They should also know how to protect themselves from waterborne illnesses.
4. Keep calm when SHTF
Children also need to learn how to stay calm when something bad happens. This can help them find solutions when they feel afraid, which can help them in any emergency.
When they feel scared, they may feel the urge to run or hide, but they should control their fear first by taking deep breaths and mentally preparing themselves to take action.
5. Learn how to grow food
Teach them basic knowledge of farming or gardening to help them prepare for a survival scenario.
They can teach themselves to grow vegetables by growing plants in a window box and building a simple garden like a raised bed or planting seeds.
Check out the other guide best foods to grow for survival
6. Learn how to preserve food
Kids also need to learn how to preserve food for the long term.
Teach them how to make their emergency rations, such as canned food.
This way, they will know how to stock up on food so that nothing goes to waste if they run out of it.
7. Identify spoiled or poison foods
Learn how to identify spoiled and poisoned food.
Provide your children with information on distinguishing spoiled and poisonous foods, such as the color, odor, or texture of rotten food.
This is important in case they go hungry or run short on food, but they also may prevent poisoning by identifying spoiled foods.
8. Identify edible plants
They also need to know how to determine what kind of plants are edible, which can help them stay healthy in a survival situation.
Explain to your children that plants can be eaten as long as they are prepared and cooked correctly.
9. How to hunt/fish and prepare for food
Learn hunting and fishing skills, which will help your children to acquire and prepare their foods.
Tell your kids how to tell if a fish is good to eat and how to catch fish with a fishing pole or net.
Teach them how to trap animals for food and how to use twigs and leaves from the woods in place of fire.
10. Learn how to open a can
This seems basic, but kids must know how to open a can and how to sterilize a can opener.
Teach them how to sterilize a can opener by boiling water or rubbing it with a little bleach, especially when they live in an emergency.
11. Learn how to survive in the wild
Tell them what to do if they get lost in a forest or another wilderness area, including to stay put, build a fire, and make some loud noise so that rescue workers can hear them.
Teach them how to make shelters and start fires.
12. Learn how to start a fire
Not only in the kitchen but also in the wild.
Teach them how to start fires using only natural resources, such as twigs, grasses, and paper.
Teach them how to find wood by searching for fallen trees and how to start a fire in the wild by rubbing two sticks together or striking flint against steel.
13. Learn how to cook in the wild
Now they know how to start the fire; they need to know how to cook in the wild.
Give them some lessons on how to cook with various cooking tools, such as metal pots, wooden spoons, and spears.
14. Make shelter
Give them some lessons on taking shelter in the wild, such as building a tent or digging a hole for protection.
15. Learn basic first aid
Teach them basic first aid, such as how to bandage wounds or treat burns.
Explain to your children what infection is and how to prevent it from spreading, for example, by washing their hands frequently.
Teach your children how to defend themselves with or without weapons.
Teach them how to escape from a predator, as well as how to use a pocket knife or even how to use their fists in self-defense.
17. How to use a compass and map
Teach them how to use a map, compass, and GPS for directions in the wilderness.
18. How to sew
Sewing skill is underrated, but it can help kids in an SHTF situation. Teach them how to sew a shirt or pants, as well as to mend and patching them.
Teach them how to swim by using diving, treading water, arm strokes, and backstroke.
And also teach them how to escape from drowning by showing them the rescue techniques.
20. Know what to do in case of fire
Teach your children what to do if a fire breaks out around them.
Teach them how to safely escape a burning building by explaining the three exit routes: window, door, and outside roof access.
21. Learn how to contact the police
Get the number of the local police or local authorities to your children to know how to contact them when an emergency arises.